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Financial Inclusion- News and Views - July 2014

 

July 2014

 

The past month has seen many positive regulatory moves by the RBI, removing the rule that tied a business correspondent agent within 30 km of a bank branch, allowing non-deposit taking NBFCs to become business correspondents etc. The latest news that the Modi government will be going ahead with Aadhaar-enabled Direct Benefits Transfer (DBT) is also welcome, as it puts to rest speculation about the UPA-led programme. There are however many glitches to be fixed in the government benefits payment system and as India moves ahead on its financial inclusion mission, we need data-based policy to address the existing shortcomings. This month’s lead story focuses on InterMedia’s recent report, India: Financial Services Use and Emerging Digital Pathways that provides valuable data and makes detailed recommendations for bettering the DBT process, furthering the uptake of digital financial services and raising financial awareness. 

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Lead Stories

 

India: Financial Services Use and Emerging Digital Pathways

The report draws from two sources: a) The Tracker Survey: A nationally representative survey of 45,024 Indian adults on access and use of financial services, as well as barriers and potential for future use and b) The Digitized Government Payments Study: A qualitative study with government-payment beneficiaries across four districts in the state of Maharashtra, focusing on the potential for digital government payments to expand financial inclusion. The highlights of the report are as follows:

The financial services market in India is characterized by a high reliance on cash. Most borrowers rely on those within their personal networks, including relatives, neighbours and friends (67 percent). 11 percent of borrowers borrow from a bank, 12 percent borrow from a private money lender and 4 percent borrow within their savings group.

Usage of banking services is low; access does not lead to usage. 48 percent of respondents have accessed a bank account and 25 percent of respondents actively use a bank account. Only 54 percent of bank account holders have used their bank accounts actively (i.e. in the past 90 days).

There are disparities in access and active use of bank accounts across gender and location within states that often mirror socio-economic differences in India e.g. borrowing through informal channels such as money lenders is more prominent in Bihar.

Nationally, 35 percent of all beneficiaries receive direct deposits. 12 percent of survey respondents said they receive payments from the government (excluding government salary payment). The majority of payments are received in full, but 13 percent, nationally, said they have to pay a bribe to be able to access their payments, regional variations exist.

Section I: Policy – the latest from India’s policymakers

· Role of NBFCs in Financial Sector: Regulatory Challenges

Shri R. Gandhi, Deputy Governor, RBI, June 16, 2014

 ·  Banks in India: Challenges & Opportunities

Shri Harun R Khan, Deputy Governor, RBI, June 12, 2014

 · New-Gen Urban Cooperative Banks - Some Musings

Shri R. Gandhi, Deputy Governor, RBI, June 8, 2014

Notifications:

·  Recognizing E-Aadhaar as an ‘Officially Valid Document’ under PML Rules

·         Financial Inclusion by Extension of Banking Services – Use of Business Correspondents

·        One Documentary Proof of Address - RBI further simplifies KYC Norms for Bank Accounts

 

Section II: News and Views Digest – the latest from India and abroad

India

·     Queen Maxima hails India’s financial inclusion goals

·        Financial inclusion: Govt tells banks to open 20 cr accounts in next 1 yr

·         Aadhaar lives on: RBI tests UID-based mobile fund transfers

·        'Use financial inclusion transaction data to design development schemes'

·         New financial inclusion plan to kick off from August 15

·         Financial inclusion: It all started in the 1960s

·         Oxigen Makes Strategic Suggestions to Drive Financial Inclusion under RBI Pilot Scheme

·        Madhya Pradesh receives SKOCH Financial Inclusion and Deepening Award

·        Innovative financial inclusion models are the only solution

·       'Relaxation in KYC norms a big boost for financial inclusion'

·        'Full financial inclusion a pipe dream'

 

·       Whose Cash Is It Anyway? Several Agent Solutions to Cash Security

·        Expanding Access to Finance for Small Businesses in India: A Critique of the Mor Committee’s Approach Part 3. Assessing Access to Finance for Small Businesses?

 

·        Can a Digitized Post Realize India’s Financial Inclusion Dreams?

 

International

·       Challenges to Agency Business – Evidence from Tanzania and Uganda (Part- I)

·         Who Is The User In “User-Centred Design”?

·         Bringing Mobile Wallets to Nigerian Farmers

·         Why Equity Bank Felt It Had to Become a Telco – Reluctantly

·        What Next for Remittances and Money Transfers in the Pacific?

·         Three Lessons from Mobile Microinsurance in Bangladesh

·        Power of the Persona: Applied Product Innovation with Bank BTPN

·        Indonesia: Anatomy of a Successful Human-Centered Design Project

·        Making Sense of Financial Inclusion Data Sources

·        Annual reports show mobile money remains a strategic priority for MNO groups

·        Remote Account Opening: Making it Work for Mobile Money

  

Section III: Research – surveys and studies on expanding access to financial services

 

·         Applying Behavioral Insights in Consumer Protection Policy

        Rafe Mazer, Katharine McKee and Alexandra Fiorillo,  CGAP,         June 26, 2014

 

·          Customer-Centricity for Financial Inclusion

        Tanaya Kilara and Elisabeth Rhyne, CGAP, June 16 2014

 

·     Serving Smallholder Farmers: Recent Developments in Digital Finance

       Jeremiah Grossman and Michael Tarazi, CGAP, June 11,              2014

 

·      Observations and Lessons for the ISIP Methodology from Pakistan

       Stefan Staschen, CGAP, June 10, 2014

 

·          Self Assessment Risk Management Toolkit – Summary

      GSMA, June 2014 

 

 

Research

Financial Inclusion- Two priorities for India's New Government

Policy Brief June, 2014

Regulatory Trends for Financial Inclusion: Lessons from Brazil

Policy Brief January, 2014

In the media

·   Column: Fix Aadhaar, don't junk it

Financial Express, 27 June 2014

·   Getting financial inclusion back on track
Mint, 20 June 2014

·  Column: UPA's Aadhaar miss

Financial Express, 03 May 2014

·  Innovation in payment banking

Mint, 18 April 2014

Blog

·    More positive moves from the RBI

 ·    RBI relaxes KYC address proof

 ·    Getting DBT right

 

 


 

Editor: Sumita Kale can be contacted at icfi@indicus.net

The Indicus Centre for Financial Inclusion was launched in 2011 to distil and disseminate information on accelerating the poor’s access to high-quality financial services. The Centre is supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. http://www.indicus.net/icfi

© Indicus Centre for Financial Inclusion. All rights reserved. 30th June 2014